governments adopt HLPF review agreement | News | SDG Knowledge Center
UN member states reached agreement on changes to the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF). Meeting in plenary on 25 June 2021, the Assembly adopted by consensus draft resolution A / 75 / L.102, thus concluding its consideration of the Forum. The terms of the agreement will take effect from the July 2022 session of the HLPF and its preparations.
The co-facilitators of the intergovernmental negotiations for the review, the Permanent Representatives of Austria and Senegal, released a draft text on the HLPF amendments in February 2021. Consultations continued among member states until ‘in June.
the final agreement stresses that the follow-up and review processes of the 2030 Agenda will be “voluntary and country-led”, and that the results of the processes at the national level will be the basis for regional and global reviews. It calls for review processes to identify not only achievements and success factors, but also challenges and gaps, and to help mobilize means of implementation and identify solutions.
The text states that the 2030 Agenda review processes will be “open, inclusive, participatory and transparent for all” and will support reporting from all relevant stakeholders; and be people-centered, gender sensitive, respect human rights and focus particularly on the poorest, most vulnerable and most backward.
According to the text, the HLPF will strengthen the science-policy interface and review various assessments, including the Global Sustainable Development Report (GSDR), also focusing on data availability and national data collection capacities.
The annual HLPF sessions convened under the auspices of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) will provide a more in-depth analysis of the links between the SDGs and their targets, including the political implications of synergies and trade-offs. It will balance this attention with in-depth reviews of individual SDGs.
In 2022, the theme of the HLPF will be “Rebuilding better from coronavirus disease (COVID-19) while advancing full implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. The 2022 Forum will organize in-depth reviews of SDGs 4 (quality education), 5 (gender equality), 14 (life underwater), 15 (life on land) and 17 (partnerships for the goals).
In 2023, the theme of the HLPF will be “Accelerating recovery from coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and full implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development at all levels”. The 2023 Forum will organize in-depth reviews of: SDG 6 (drinking water and sanitation); 7 (affordable and clean energy); 9 (industry, innovation and infrastructure); 11 (sustainable cities and communities); and 17 (partnerships for the Goals).
In 2022 and 2023, the HLPF will also:
- consider the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on all SDGs;
- ensure continued action on SDG targets with a 2020 timeline, while monitoring and taking full account of related ongoing intergovernmental processes to enable updated targets to reflect an appropriate level of ambition for 2030; and
- promote and review the implementation of the 2019 SDG Summit outcome document
Regarding future sessions of the HLPF, UNGA 77 (2022-2023) will decide on the theme and the SDGs to be reviewed in 2024.
Regarding voluntary national reviews of SDG implementation (VDS), the resolution encourages countries to conduct a review once in each four-year cycle of the HLPF, “including countries in special situations”. The resolution says that following a country’s first NPR, its subsequent reviews could highlight “trends, areas of progress, remaining challenges and, to the extent possible, the impact of actions taken since. the last examination ”.
Through the resolution, the UNGA invites the United Nations development system to support the monitoring of VNRs by developing countries, at their request.
Regarding the role of regional forums on sustainable development convened by United Nations regional commissions, the resolution states that the HLPF should pay more attention to the outcomes of regional forums. The Assembly encourages regional forums to submit their reports as early as possible to ensure timely consideration by the HLPF.
On the role of local authorities, the text recognizes their efforts to conduct local reviews, and calls for more attention from the HLPF to strengthen local efforts for the SDGs. It also encourages regional forums to discuss trends and findings from voluntary local reviews of SDG implementation (VLRs).
Regarding other contributions to HLPF sessions, the resolution suggests that the UN Secretary-General’s annual progress report on the SDGs be made available in April of each year, in order to inform negotiations on the ministerial declaration that will be adopted at the HLPF. He also calls for the next GSDR to be available by March 2023, in order to inform negotiations on the political declaration that will be adopted at the 2023 SDG summit.
Also with regard to the SDG Summit, which takes place every four years as a session of the HLPF under the auspices of the UNGA, the resolution states that it will begin on the first day of the UNGA General Debate or on the Monday before the start of the debate. In the year leading up to each summit, the United Nations system should focus its global public communication efforts on the 2030 Agenda.
In the years between the SDG summits, an “SDG moment” will be held during the UNGA High Level Week in September. The resolution encourages the UN Secretary-General to “use the annual SDG Moment to highlight inspiring action on the Goals”.
Regarding stakeholder participation, the text states that the HLPF “should ensure broad, effective and balanced participation of a diverse and inclusive range of major groups and other relevant stakeholders in all aspects of its work, including voluntary national reviews, including through the use of information technology and an innovative web interface as an additional means of participation.
He suggested that countries consider including major groups and other relevant stakeholders in their delegations to the forum. The text calls on major groups and others to “continue to report on their contributions to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, as provided for in paragraph 89 of the 2030 Agenda”, and notes that the HLPF Secretariat will continue to compile and update layout these documents.
The next review of the HLPF and ECOSOC will take place at UNGA 78.
The UNGA also adopted a resolution on strengthening ECOSOC (A / 75 / L.101). This text had been negotiated in tandem with the review of the HLPF, and was adopted by a vote on June 25. A amendment presented by the Group of 77 and China (G-77 / China) was also adopted by a vote. The mandates of the text on ECOSOC will be implemented from the next Council session (2021-2022 cycle). [Summary of UNGA plenary meeting] [SDG Knowledge Hub coverage of HLPF review]