Human trafficking is the world’s largest criminal economy
People are the most traded commodity in the organized crime world, but whatever criminals choose to profit from, in most cases they have the blessing of state actors, a Swiss-based civil society organization has said. in its first global organized crime index. , which attempts to quantify criminal activity in the 193 UN member states.
“The findings, which are based on a comprehensive data set informed by experts around the world, paint a worrying picture of the scope, scale and impact of organized crime,” the report said. ‘Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime (GI-TOC).
“It is sobering thought, for example, that nearly 80% of the world’s population today live in countries with high levels of crime,” he added.
The first such index published by the organization ranks the Democratic Republic of the Congo first in the world for its crime rates, closely followed by Colombia, Myanmar and Mexico. The least criminal companies were the Pacific islands of Tuvalu and Nauru.
On average, organized criminal activity does not take place in the shadows but with the knowledge and approval of state actors, according to the report.
“State officials and patronage networks that exert influence over state authorities are now the most dominant brokers of organized crime, not cartel bosses or mafia bosses, as one might argue. believe, ”he said.
A country’s vulnerability to corruption directly influences its resilience to organized crime, he concluded.
While bribery and corruption are prevalent, GI-TOC has found that “the exploitation of people, in the form of human trafficking, has become the most prevalent criminal economy in the world”, and the largest proportion of its victims are women and girls.
It was “alarming” and serves “as a grim reminder of the dehumanizing impact of organized crime,” the organization said.
He added that human trafficking is closely followed by the cannabis trade, arms trafficking and illicit wildlife trade.
To tackle this global scourge, one of the most important things is first to recognize its existence, and then to work on building resilience measures, including democratic institutions, according to GI-TOC.
With such a high percentage of the world’s population living in countries plagued by high levels of crime, “it is indisputable that the threat posed by organized crime is among the world’s most pressing security concerns,” ‘organization.
However, “good governance, characterized by participatory, accountable, effective states based on the rule of law, lays the foundations on which to build and strengthen institutional and non-state frameworks to improve society and combat organized crime” , he concluded. .